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Autism

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 Understand Autism

 

Autism is a term that refers to a collection of developmental disorders that affect the brain. This brain disorder  affects a person’s ability to communicate, form relationships with others, and respond appropriately to the external world. People with autism have a tendency to have repetitive behaviors or interests and rigid patterns of thinking.


The severity of autism varies greatly. Some people with autism can function at a relatively high level, with speech and intelligence intact. Others have serious cognitive impairments and language delays; some never speak.

 

15. What are some of the symptoms of autism a parent should look for?

The diagnosis of autism covers a wide range of behaviors and abilities. No two people with autism have exactly the same symptoms or disease intensity.

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16. How do doctors diagnose children with autism?

There is no blood test or X-ray test for diagnosing autism. An accurate diagnosis must be based on observation of the child’s communication, behavior, and developmental levels. Autistic children have characteristic behaviors that may be obvious to both parents and clinicians in the first months to years of life.

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17. What are screening tools for autism?

Experts point out that it is very important to screen for developmental delays at regular well-child visits. Screening should start when your child is an infant and continue through school age.

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18. What are some of the more common autism screening tools that are used today?

The following is a list of the more common screening tools that are used to evaluate children for autism. The screening tools are usually administered by pediatricians, psychologists, or neurologists.

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19.What medical tests should the doctor perform when making a diagnosis of autism?

Customarily, an expert diagnostic team has the responsibility of thoroughly evaluating the child and determining a formal diagnosis. The team will then meet with the parents to explain the results of the evaluation.

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