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Obesity

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 Understand and Prevent Obesity

An estimated 97 million adults in the United States are overweight or obese. In European Union over 50% of both men and women were overweight, and roughly 23% of women and 20% of men were obese, a condition that substantially raises their risk of morbidity from hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and respiratory problems, and endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon cancers.

10. How to achieve weight loss

The panel reviewed relevant treatment strategies designed for weight loss that can also be used to foster long-term weight control and prevention of weight gain. The consequent recommendations emphasize the potential effectiveness of weight control using multiple interventions and strategies, including dietary therapy, physical activity, behavior therapy, pharmacotherapy, and surgery, as well as combinations of these strategies.

 1. Dietary Therapy

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11. Special Treatment Groups

The needs of special patient groups must be addressed when considering treatment options for overweight and obesity. The guidelines focus on three such groups including smokers, older adults, and diverse patient populations.

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12. Rationale for Guidelines Development

An estimated 97 million adults in the United States are overweight or obese,  a condition that substantially raises their risk of morbidity from hypertension,  type 2 diabetes,  stroke,  gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea and respiratory problems, and endometrial, breast, prostate, and colon cancers.

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13. Objectives of the Guidelines

To identify, evaluate, and summarize published information about the assessment and treatment of overweight and obesity;

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14. Guideline Development Methodology

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s (NHLBI) Obesity Education Initiative, in cooperation with the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, convened the Expert Panel on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults.

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