Autism is a term that refers to a collection of developmental disorders that affect the brain. This brain disorder affects a person’s ability to communicate, form relationships with others, and respond appropriately to the external world. People with autism have a tendency to have repetitive behaviors or interests and rigid patterns of thinking.
The severity of autism varies greatly. Some people with autism can function at a relatively high level, with speech and intelligence intact. Others have serious cognitive impairments and language delays; some never speak.
5. How can you tell autism from Asperger syndrome?
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6. What is Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)–not otherwise specified?
Pervasive developmental disorder–not otherwise specified (PDD–NOS) is a developmental disability that shares many characteristics with autism.
7. What is Rett syndrome?
Rett syndrome is a disorder of the nervous system that has some of the same characteristics as autism. Both diseases strike at an early age, and a loss of language and social interaction are common in both.
Like autism, children suffering from Rett syndrome will avoid eye contact, have a diminished ability to express feelings, and will exhibit purposeless hand movements such as flapping, wringing, or waving. Seizures are common in both diseases, and neither has a known cure.
8. What is childhood disintegrative disorder?
Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is a neurological condition with similarities to autism. This condition can be differentiated from autism by the pattern of onset, its course, and outcome.
9.What is the prognosis of children with autism?
Autism is a life-long disorder. Predicting an autistic child’s future, in regards to social abilities, scholastic achievement, and vocational potential, is difficult even for experts without a full neurological assessment and several months or years of observations. Experts look for certain predictors of future abilities, such as intelligence, verbal ability, and socialization.
- 10. Are there other diseases that have the same symptoms of autism?
- 11. Do autistic children commonly suffer from other illnesses?
- 12. Is there an association between autism and Tourette’s syndrome?
- 13.What are some of the common myths about autism?
- 14. Are there risk factors for autism?
- 15. What are some of the symptoms of autism a parent should look for?
- 16. How do doctors diagnose children with autism?
- 17. What are screening tools for autism?
- 18. What are some of the more common autism screening tools that are used today?
- 19.What medical tests should the doctor perform when making a diagnosis of autism?